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J Biol Chem. 1989 Dec 25;264(36):21806-11.

Transforming growth factor-beta switches the pattern of integrins expressed in MG-63 human osteosarcoma cells and causes a selective loss of cell adhesion to laminin.

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1
Cell Biology and Genetics Program, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York.

Abstract

Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) induces a marked decrease in adhesion of MG-63 human osteosarcoma cells to laminin-coated surfaces, but does not significantly alter adhesion to fibronectin- or collagen-coated surfaces. We provide evidence that this effect is due to a switch in the repertoire of cell adhesion receptors in response to TGF-beta. MG-63 cells express high levels of alpha 3 beta 1-integrin, which is a polyspecific laminin/collagen/fibronectin receptor, and low levels of alpha 2 beta 1- and alpha 5 beta 1-integrins, which are collagen and fibronectin receptors, respectively. No other integrins of the beta 1-class could be detected in MG-63 cells. Treatment with TGF-beta 1 induces a marked (approximately 60%) decrease in the level of expression of alpha 3-integrin subunit mRNA and protein and a concomitant 8-fold increase in alpha 2-subunit expression. These responses become maximal 7-12 h after addition of TGF-beta 1 to the cells. Expression of alpha 5- and beta 1-integrin subunits also increases in response to TGF-beta 1, but to a lesser extent than alpha 2-subunit expression. Thus, as a result of TGF-beta action, the alpha 2 beta 1-collagen and alpha 5 beta 1-fibronectin receptors replace the alpha 3 beta 1-laminin/collagen/fibronectin receptor as the predominant integrins of the beta 1-class in MG-63 cells. These results suggest that one of the effects of TGF-beta is to modify the adhesive behavior of certain tumor cells by changing the binding specificity of the complement of integrins that they express.

PMID:
2600089
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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