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Front Public Health. 2015 May 5;3:66. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2015.00066. eCollection 2015.

The cerebellum and psychiatric disorders.

Author information

1
School of Social Sciences and Psychology, University of Western Sydney , Sydney, NSW , Australia.
2
Psychogeriatric Research Center, Institute of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University , Cairo , Egypt.
3
School of Social Sciences and Psychology, University of Western Sydney , Sydney, NSW , Australia ; Marcs Institute for Brain and Behaviour, University of Western Sydney , Sydney, NSW , Australia ; Department of Veterans Affairs, New Jersey Health Care System , East Orange, NJ , USA.

Abstract

The cerebellum has been considered for a long time to play a role solely in motor coordination. However, studies over the past two decades have shown that the cerebellum also plays a key role in many motor, cognitive, and emotional processes. In addition, studies have also shown that the cerebellum is implicated in many psychiatric disorders including attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorders, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, and anxiety disorders. In this review, we discuss existing studies reporting cerebellar dysfunction in various psychiatric disorders. We will also discuss future directions for studies linking the cerebellum to psychiatric disorders.

KEYWORDS:

cerebellum; cognitive processes; motor processes; psychiatric disorders

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