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Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1989 Dec;17(6):1141-51.

Epidermoid carcinoma of the anal canal treatment results and prognostic variables in a series of 242 cases.

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1
Service de Radiothérapie, Hopital Tenon, Paris, France.

Abstract

From 1972 to 1985, 260 cases of anal canal epidermoid carcinoma were irradiated. Eighteen cases treated for palliation were excluded from the study; 242 (93%) were treated with curative intent. The sex ratio was 1/5.5; mean age was 66 years.

HISTOLOGY:

60.3% were well differentiated epidermoid carcinoma; 31.0% moderately differentiated and 8.7%, cloacogenic cases. Staging: T1: 11.5%; T2: 16.1%; T3a: 17%; T3b: 33.5%; and T4: 21.9%. Abnormal inguinal nodes were present in 15.3% of cases. Crude overall survival (Kaplan-Meier) for the 242 cases is 86.4% at 1 year, 63.9% at 3 years, 51.2% at 5 years, and 30.8% at 10 years. Radiation therapy was the sole treatment for 193 cases. No chemotherapy was given. Patients were irradiated by external beam. They received a first course of X rays (mostly 18 MV, some 6 MV) 40 to 45 Gy (box technique) over 4 to 5 weeks in the pelvis. Age and size of tumor were considered when deciding on the target volume. After a rest period of 4 to 6 weeks, a second course of 15 to 20 Gy in 2 weeks was given through a perineal field by electron-beam of suitable energy. The mean total dose was 60.56 Gy and median was 62.5 Gy; the mean overall treatment duration was 85.3 days (median 82 days) and the mean Time Dose Factor including decay factor was 98.96. In this group, 5-year determinate survival was: T1-T2, 84.5%; T3a, 74.8%; T3b, 64.9%; T4, 58.9%. In 147/193 patients (76.2%) local control was achieved. The overall anal conservation rate was 62.6%. In 106 cases (55%), the anus had maintained normal function. The 5-year survival rate by N was 73.3% in the absence of inguinal nodes (169 cases) and 36.1% if such nodes were present. There was no significant difference in survival rate according to histological type. In the second group, receiving radiation therapy plus surgery, 33/49 cases (T3b-T4) were irradiated before surgery (median dose 40.5 Gy). Post operative radiation therapy was administered in 16 cases (T3b-T4) (median dose 49.6 Gy). The 5-year determinate survival is 53.2% for T3b and 79% for T4. According to the log-rank test, there was no significant difference between survival with radiation therapy alone and radiation therapy plus surgery. Multivariate analysis of the whole group indicated that T stage is the only predictive variable.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

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PMID:
2599902
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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