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Heart Rhythm. 2015 Aug;12(8):1789-97. doi: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2015.04.035. Epub 2015 May 18.

T-peak to T-end interval for prediction of ventricular tachyarrhythmia and mortality in a primary prevention population with systolic cardiomyopathy.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, Ochsner Medical Center, New Orleans, Louisiana.
2
GE Healthcare, Wauwatosa, Wisconsin.
3
Department of Cardiology, Ochsner Medical Center, New Orleans, Louisiana; Ochsner Clinical School, University of Queensland School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana. Electronic address: dmorin@ochsner.org.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The electrocardiographic T-wave peak to T-wave end interval (Tpe) correlates with dispersion of ventricular repolarization (DVR). Increased DVR increases propensity toward electrical reentry that can cause ventricular tachyarrhythmia. The baseline rate-corrected Tpe (Tpec) has been shown to predict ventricular tachyarrhythmia and death in multiple patient populations but not among cardiomyopathic patients undergoing insertion of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) for primary prevention.

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this study was to assess the risk stratification ability of the Tpec in patients with systolic cardiomyopathy without prior ventricular tachyarrhythmia (ie, the primary prevention population).

METHODS:

We performed prospective follow-up of 305 patients (73% men; left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF] 23 ± 7%) with LVEF ≤35% and an ICD implanted for primary prevention. Baseline ECGs were analyzed with automated algorithms. Endpoints were ventricular tachycardia (VT)/ventricular fibrillation (VF), death, and a combined endpoint of VT/VF or death, assessed by device follow-up and Social Security Death Index query.

RESULTS:

The average Tpec was 107 ± 22 ms. During device clinic follow-up of 31 ± 23 months, 82 patients (27%) had appropriate ICD therapy for VT/VF, and during mortality follow-up of 49 ± 21 months, 91 patients (30%) died. On univariable analysis, Tpec predicted VT/VF, death, and the combined endpoint of VT/VF or death (P < .05 for each endpoint). Multivariable analysis included univariable predictors among demographics, clinical data, laboratory data, medications used, and electrocardiography parameters. After correction, Tpec remained predictive of VT/VF (hazard ratio [HR] per 10-ms increase 1.16, P = .009), all-cause mortality (HR per 10 ms 1.13, P = .05), and the combined endpoint (HR per 10 ms 1.17, P = .001).

CONCLUSION:

Tpec independently predicts both VT/VF and overall mortality in patients with systolic dysfunction and ICDs implanted for primary prevention.

KEYWORDS:

Death; Electrocardiography; T-peak to T-end; Ventricular tachyarrhythmia

PMID:
25998895
DOI:
10.1016/j.hrthm.2015.04.035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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