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Radiother Oncol. 2015 Jun;115(3):379-85. doi: 10.1016/j.radonc.2015.05.001. Epub 2015 May 18.

Short-term pretreatment DCE-MRI in prediction of outcome in locally advanced cervical cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Radiation Biology, Institute for Cancer Research, Norway; Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Norway.
2
Department of Radiation Biology, Institute for Cancer Research, Norway.
3
Department of Gynecological Cancer, Norway; Institute for Cancer Genetics and Informatics, Oslo University Hospital, Norway; Institute for Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway.
4
Department of Radiation Biology, Institute for Cancer Research, Norway. Electronic address: einar.k.rofstad@rr-research.no.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Several investigators have indicated that dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) has the potential to provide biomarkers for personalized treatment of cervical carcinoma. However, some clinical studies have suggested that treatment failure is associated with low tumor signal enhancement, whereas others have reported associations between high signal enhancement and poor outcome. The purpose of this investigation was to clear up these conflicting reports and to provide a method for identifying biomarkers that easily can be implemented in routine DCE-MRI diagnostics.

METHODS:

The study involved 85 patients (FIGO stage IB through IVA) treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Low-enhancing tumor volume (LETV) and low-enhancing tumor fraction (LETF), defined as the volume and fractional volume of low-enhancing voxels, respectively, were calculated from signal intensities recorded within 1 min after contrast administration by using two methods reported to give conflicting conclusions.

RESULTS:

Multivariate analysis involving tumor volume, lymph node status, FIGO stage, and LETV or LETF revealed that LETV and LETF provided independent prognostic information on treatment outcome, independent of the method of calculation.

CONCLUSION:

Low signal enhancement is associated with poor prognosis in cervical carcinoma, and biomarkers predicting poor outcome can be provided by short-term DCE-MRI without advanced image analysis.

KEYWORDS:

Cervical carcinoma; Concurrent chemoradiotherapy; DCE-MRI; Semiquantitative analysis; Treatment outcome

PMID:
25998804
DOI:
10.1016/j.radonc.2015.05.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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