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Amyotroph Lateral Scler Frontotemporal Degener. 2015;17(1-2):1-14. doi: 10.3109/21678421.2015.1047455. Epub 2015 May 22.

State of the field: An informatics-based systematic review of the SOD1-G93A amyotrophic lateral sclerosis transgenic mouse model.

Author information

1
a Department of Biomedical Engineering , Georgia Institute of Technology & Emory University , Atlanta , Georgia , USA.

Abstract

Numerous sub-cellular through system-level disturbances have been identified in over 1300 articles examining the superoxide dismutase-1 guanine 93 to alanine (SOD1-G93A) transgenic mouse amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) pathophysiology. Manual assessment of such a broad literature base is daunting. We performed a comprehensive informatics-based systematic review or 'field analysis' to agnostically compute and map the current state of the field. Text mining of recaptured articles was used to quantify published data topic breadth and frequency. We constructed a nine-category pathophysiological function-based ontology to systematically organize and quantify the field's primary data. Results demonstrated that the distribution of primary research belonging to each category is: systemic measures an motor function, 59%; inflammation, 46%; cellular energetics, 37%; proteomics, 31%; neural excitability, 22%; apoptosis, 20%; oxidative stress, 18%; aberrant cellular chemistry, 14%; axonal transport, 10%. We constructed a SOD1-G93A field map that visually illustrates and categorizes the 85% most frequently assessed sub-topics. Finally, we present the literature-cited significance of frequently published terms and uncover thinly investigated areas. In conclusion, most articles individually examine at least two categories, which is indicative of the numerous underlying pathophysiological interrelationships. An essential future path is examination of cross-category pathophysiological interrelationships and their co-correspondence to homeostatic regulation and disease progression.

KEYWORDS:

Mitochondria; calcium; excitotoxicity; gliosis; neuropathology; protein aggregation; reactive oxygen species; rotarod

PMID:
25998063
PMCID:
PMC4724331
DOI:
10.3109/21678421.2015.1047455
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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