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Virus Res. 2015 Jul 2;205:54-62. doi: 10.1016/j.virusres.2015.05.009. Epub 2015 May 19.

Genetic diversity and population structure of beet necrotic yellow vein virus in China.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory for Agrobiotechnology and Department of Plant Pathology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China. Electronic address: zhuona1985@163.com.
2
State Key Laboratory for Agrobiotechnology and Department of Plant Pathology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China. Electronic address: jiangning1990@163.com.
3
State Key Laboratory for Agrobiotechnology and Department of Plant Pathology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China. Electronic address: zhangchao2010cau@163.com.
4
State Key Laboratory for Agrobiotechnology and Department of Plant Pathology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China. Electronic address: zzy0901@gmail.com.
5
State Key Laboratory for Agrobiotechnology and Department of Plant Pathology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China. Electronic address: zhanggzh@cau.edu.cn.
6
State Key Laboratory for Agrobiotechnology and Department of Plant Pathology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China. Electronic address: hanchenggui@cau.edu.cn.
7
State Key Laboratory for Agrobiotechnology and Department of Plant Pathology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China. Electronic address: yingwang@cau.edu.cn.

Abstract

Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV) is a serious threat to the sugar beet industry worldwide. However, little information is available regarding the genetic diversity and population structure of BNYVV in China. Here, we analyzed multiple sequences from four genomic regions (CP, RNA3, RNA4 and RNA5) of a set of Chinese isolates. Sequence analyses revealed that several isolates were mixed infections of variants with different genotypes and/or different p25 tetrad motifs. In total, 12 distinct p25 tetrads were found in the Chinese BNYVV population, of which four tetrads were newly identified. Phylogenetic analyses based on four genes (CP, RNA3-p25, RNA4-p31 and RNA5-p26) in isolates from around the world revealed the existence of two to four groups, which mostly corresponded to previously reported phylogenetic groups. Two new subgroups and a new group were identified from the Chinese isolates in p25 and p26 trees, respectively. Selection pressure analysis indicated that there was a positive selection pressure on the p25 from the Chinese isolates, but the other three proteins were under a negative selection pressure. There was frequent gene flow between geographically distant populations, which meant that BNYVV populations from different provinces were not geographically differentiated.

KEYWORDS:

BNYVV; Gene flow; Genetic diversity; Population structure; Selection; p25 tetrad

PMID:
25997927
DOI:
10.1016/j.virusres.2015.05.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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