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J Phys Ther Sci. 2015 Apr;27(4):1157-9. doi: 10.1589/jpts.27.1157. Epub 2015 Apr 30.

The effects of virtual reality game exercise on balance and gait of the elderly.

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Department of Physical Therapy, College of Rehabilitation Science, Daegu University, Republic of Korea.
Department of Physical Therapy, Uiduk University, Republic of Korea.


[Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine the effects of ball exercise as a general exercise on the balance abilities of elderly individuals by comparing ball exercise with virtual reality exercise. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty elderly individuals residing in communities were randomly divided into a virtual reality game group and a ball exercise group and conducted exercise for 30 min 3 times a week for 8 weeks. [Results] Step length increased significantly, and the average sway speed and Timed Up and Go time significantly decreased in both groups. A comparison of sway length after the intervention between the two groups revealed that the virtual reality game exercise resulted in a reduction than the ball exercise. [Conclusion] The results of this study indicated that the virtual reality game exercise may improve balance and gait of elderly individuals in communities.


Balance; Elderly; Virtual reality exercise

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