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FEBS Lett. 1989 Dec 4;258(2):269-73.

Interleukin 1 and tumour necrosis factor increase phosphorylation of the small heat shock protein. Effects in fibroblasts, Hep G2 and U937 cells.

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Cytokine Biochemistry Group, Strangeways Research Laboratory, Cambridge, England.


Interleukin 1 alpha and tumour necrosis factor-alpha stimulated phosphorylation of three 27 kDa phosphoproteins in MRC-5 fibroblasts which was sustained for up to 2 h after adding the cytokines. All three phosphoproteins were immunoprecipitated by a specific antiserum to the small mammalian heat shock protein, hsp 27. The three phosphoproteins from stimulated or control cells contained phosphoserine but not phosphothreonine or phosphotyrosine. Similar increases in phosphorylation of immunoprecipitable 27 kDa proteins were seen in U937 cells stimulated by TNF alpha and Hep G2 cells stimulated by IL1 alpha.

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