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Rev Bras Anestesiol. 2015 May-Jun;65(3):191-9. doi: 10.1016/j.bjan.2014.05.006. Epub 2014 Nov 1.

[Opioid-free total intravenous anesthesia with propofol, dexmedetomidine and lidocaine infusions for laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a prospective, randomized, double-blinded study].

[Article in Portuguese]

Author information

1
Departamento de Anestesiologia e Reanimação, Bezmialem Vakif University Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turquia. Electronic address: mefkur@yahoo.com.
2
Departamento de Anestesiologia e Reanimação, Bezmialem Vakif University Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turquia.
3
Departamento de Medicina Pulmonar, Bezmialem Vakif University Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turquia.
4
Departamento de Cirurgia Geral, Bezmialem Vakif University Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turquia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

Intraoperative use of opioids may be associated with postoperative hyperalgesia and increased analgesic consumption. Side effects due to perioperative use of opioids, such as postoperative nausea and vomiting may delay discharge. We hypothesized that total intravenous anesthesia consisting of lidocaine and dexmedetomidine as an opioid substitute may be an alternative technique for laparoscopic cholecystectomy and would be associated with lower fentanyl requirements in the postoperative period and less incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting.

METHODS:

80 Anesthesiologists I-II adults were scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Patients were randomly allocated into two groups to have either opioid-free anesthesia with dexmedetomidine, lidocaine, and propofol infusions (Group DL) or opioid-based anesthesia with remifentanil, and propofol infusions (Group RF). All patients received a standard multimodal analgesia regimen. A patient controlled analgesia device was set to deliver IV fentanyl for 6h after surgery. The primary outcome variable was postoperative fentanyl consumption.

RESULTS:

Fentanyl consumption at postoperative 2nd hour was statistically significantly less in Group DL, compared with Group RF, which were 75±59μg and 120±94μg respectively, while it was comparable at postoperative 6th hour. During anesthesia, there were more hypotensive events in Group RF, while there were more hypertensive events in Group DL, which were both statistically significant. Despite higher recovery times, Group DL had significantly lower pain scores, rescue analgesic and ondansetron need.

CONCLUSION:

Opioid-free anesthesia with dexmedetomidine, lidocaine and propofol infusions may be an alternative technique for laparoscopic cholecystectomy especially in patients with high risk for postoperative nausea and vomiting.

KEYWORDS:

Anestesia venosa total; Colecistectomia laparoscópica; Dexmedetomidina; Dexmedetomidine; Laparoscopic cholecystectomy; Lidocaine; Lidocaína; Propofol; Remifentanil; Total intravenous anesthesia

PMID:
25990496
DOI:
10.1016/j.bjan.2014.05.006
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