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Eur J Immunol. 1989 Nov;19(11):2171-4.

Different staphylococcal enterotoxins bind preferentially to distinct major histocompatibility complex class II isotypes.

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Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, Epalinges, Switzerland.


The stimulation of T cells by staphylococcal enterotoxins (SE) is strictly dependent on major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II-bearing cells. The interaction between SE and MHC class II molecules was studied on the human B cell lymphoma Raji and its MHC class II-negative variant RJ 2.2.5. Affinity purification with SEA and SEB matrix allowed the isolation of HLA-DR-like molecules from detergent lysates of 125I surface-labeled Raji cells, but not from RJ 2.2.5 cells. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis also revealed preferences in the binding of other SE such as SED, SEE and toxic shock syndrome toxin 1 to DR-like molecules, SEC2 to HLA-DQ-like molecules and SEC3 to DR- and DQ-like molecules. Preadsorption of the different MHC class II MHC isotypes confirmed the preferential binding of SEA to DR and of SEC2 to DQ. The implications of these findings for the understanding of SE-induced T cell activation and the potency of SE as a tool in the study of MHC class II antigens are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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