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Sci Rep. 2015 May 19;5:10205. doi: 10.1038/srep10205.

The pluripotency factor NANOG promotes the formation of squamous cell carcinomas.

Author information

1
1] Molecular Oncology Unit, CIEMAT, Madrid 28040, Spain [2] Oncogenomic Unit, Institute of Biomedical Research, University Hospital "12 de Octubre", Madrid 28040, Spain.

Abstract

NANOG is a key pluripotency factor in embryonic stem cells that is frequently expressed in squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs). However, a direct link between NANOG and SCCs remains to be established. Here, we show that inducible overexpression of NANOG in mouse skin epithelia favours the malignant conversion of skin papillomas induced by chemical carcinogenesis, leading to increased SCC formation. Gene expression analyses in pre-malignant skin indicate that NANOG induces genes associated to epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Some of these genes are directly activated by NANOG, including EMT-associated genes Zeb1, Zeb2, Twist1, Prrx1 and miR-21. Finally, endogenous NANOG binds to the promoters of theses genes in human SCC cells and, moreover, NANOG induces EMT features in primary keratinocytes. These results provide in vivo evidence for the oncogenic role of NANOG in squamous cell carcinomas.

PMID:
25988972
PMCID:
PMC4437308
DOI:
10.1038/srep10205
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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