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J Autism Dev Disord. 2015 Oct;45(10):3364-9. doi: 10.1007/s10803-015-2470-1.

Brief report: vocational outcomes for young adults with autism spectrum disorders at six months after virtual reality job interview training.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 710 N. Lake Shore Dr, Abbott Hall 13th Floor, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA. matthewsmith@northwestern.edu.
2
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 710 N. Lake Shore Dr, Abbott Hall 13th Floor, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA.
3
Department of Family Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA.
4
School of Communication, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA.
5
SIMmersion LLC, Columbia, MD, USA.
6
Department of Psychiatry, Department of Veteran Affairs, Yale School of Medicine, West Haven, CT, USA.

Abstract

Young adults with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have low employment rates and job interviewing presents a critical barrier to employment for them. Results from a prior randomized controlled efficacy trial suggested virtual reality job interview training (VR-JIT) improved interviewing skills among trainees with ASD, but not controls with ASD. We conducted a brief survey with 23 of 26 participants from this study to evaluate their vocational outcomes at 6-month follow-up with a focus on whether or not they attained a competitive position (employment or competitive volunteering). Logistic regression indicated VR-JIT trainees had greater odds of attaining a competitive position than controls (OR 7.82, p < 0.05). Initial evidence suggests VR-JIT is a promising intervention that enhances vocational outcomes among young adults with high-functioning ASD.

KEYWORDS:

Autism spectrum disorder; Virtual reality training; Vocational outcomes

PMID:
25986176
PMCID:
PMC4772401
DOI:
10.1007/s10803-015-2470-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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