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Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2015 May-Jun;53(3):368-72.

[Breast self-examination in users of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social from Teapa, Tabasco, Mexico].

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Unidad Médica Familiar 18, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Teapa, Tabasco, México. zgma_51083@yahoo.com.mx.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

OBJECTIVE:

To establish the proportion of women of 40 years-old and more, which perform properly breast self-examination in the Family Medical Unit 18 of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social from Teapa, Tabasco, Mexico, in 2011.

METHODS:

Cross-sectional study in a universe of 1457 women. A random sample of 127 women was obtained and aleatorily selected. Socio-demographic and hereditary variables were included and breast self-examination technique was evaluated. The information was taken from clinical files and check lists. Descriptive statistic was obtained.

RESULTS:

The mean age was 52.7 ± 9.3, with a confidence interval of 40-80 years-old. Women with a primary-school education were the largest group, representing 35.4 %. Family antecedent of breast malign tumor was found in 11 %. The mother was the most frequent parent with this background (42.9 %). Adequate breast self-examination technique was observed in 0.8 %.

CONCLUSIONS:

The proportion of women that performs breast self-examination properly is very low. Associated factors were not found. Educative interventions are required in order to correct this problem.

KEYWORDS:

Breast; Descriptive epidemiology; Malign tumor; Self-examination

PMID:
25984623
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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