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Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2015 May-Jun;53(3):362-7.

[Association between anxiety and coping strategies employed by primary caregivers of bedridden patients].

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Distrito Federal, México. albemari@unam.mx.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

BACKGROUND:

The primary caregiver faces a set of problems derived from the responsibility to provide care to his patient; this leads to the creation of complex psychological responses that act as a mechanism known as cognitive and behavioral coping. The objective was to determine if there was a correlation between the level of anxiety and the coping strategies used by primary caregivers of bedridden patients.

METHODS:

Transversal, descriptive and correlational study. Beck Anxiety Inventory and the Coping Strategies Inventory were used. We used Spearman's rank correlation coefficient, a significance level of 0.05 and the statistical program SPSS, version 15.

RESULTS:

We included 60 primary caregivers. The most common score for anxiety was moderate (28 %). The most frequently used strategy was problem solving (average = 14.7). By relating the level of anxiety and coping strategies a significant correlation was obtained with problem solving: r = 0.260; self-criticism, r = 0.425; wishful thinking, r = 0.412; and social withdrawal, r = 0.453.

CONCLUSIONS:

The anxiety has an impact on the way caregivers cope; most of the population who have moderate to severe anxiety use desadaptive strategies focused on emotion.

KEYWORDS:

Anxiety; Coping strategies; Primary caregiver

PMID:
25984622
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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