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Pers Individ Dif. 2015 Apr;77:221-224.

Rumination and depression in Chinese university students: The mediating role of overgeneral autobiographical memory.

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Beijing Key Laboratory of Learning and Cognition and Department of Psychology, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China.
Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.



In this study, we examined the mediator effects of overgeneral autobiographical memory (OGM) on the relationship between rumination and depression in 323 Chinese university students.


323 undergraduates completed the questionnaires measuring OGM (Autobiographical Memory Test), rumination (Ruminative Response Scale) and depression (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale).


Results using structural equation modeling showed that OGM partially-mediated the relationship between rumination and depression (χ2 = 88.61, p < .01; RMSEA = .051; SRMR = .040; and CFI = .91). Bootstrap methods were used to assess the magnitude of the indirect effects. The results of the bootstrap estimation procedure and subsequent analyses indicated that the indirect effects of OGM on the relationship between rumination and depressive symptoms were significant.


The results indicated that rumination and depression were partially mediated by OGM.


Depression; Mediating effect; Overgeneral autobiographical memory; Rumination; Structural equation modeling

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