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Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2015 Dec;61(8):796-801. doi: 10.1177/0020764015585328. Epub 2015 May 14.

Relationship between dysfunctional attitudes and childhood traumas in women with depression.

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Cizre State Hospital, Sirnak, Turkey.
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskisehir, Turkey
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskisehir, Turkey.



Psychological traumas in childhood could lead to dysfunctional attitudes causing negative cognitive structuring and mistakes in data processing. In this study, we aimed to research the relation of childhood traumas with dysfunctional attitudes in female patients with depressive disorder.


Seventy female patients diagnosed with depressive disorder and 50 healthy volunteers participated in the study, and the participants were administered a socio-demographic form, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and the Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale (DAS).


Comparing the two groups by median values of CTQ, total CTQ, sexual abuse, physical abuse, emotional abuse, physical neglect and emotional neglect, median values of the patient group were significantly higher compared to the control group, and comparison by median values of DAS revealed that median values of the patient group was significantly lower compared to the control group. In the correlation analysis carried out for finding the relation between CTQ and DAS, there was a significant negative correlation between DAS score and emotional abuse score. In the patient group, all kinds of abuses and neglects except for sexual abuse were at a higher rate in those with a history of depression in the family.


In our study, a negative correlation was determined between DAS and only emotional abuse leading us to the finding that one of the factors mediating childhood traumas to cause depression could lead to dysfunctional attitudes.


Depression; childhood trauma; dysfunctional attitudes

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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