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Eur J Epidemiol. 2016 Mar;31(3):311-23. doi: 10.1007/s10654-015-0040-7. Epub 2015 May 15.

Pre-diagnostic vitamin D concentrations and cancer risks in older individuals: an analysis of cohorts participating in the CHANCES consortium.

Author information

1
Division of Clinical Epidemiology and Aging Research, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Im Neuenheimer Feld 581, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.
2
Network of Aging Research, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany.
3
Rollins School of Public Health, Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.
4
International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France.
5
Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Copenhagen, Denmark.
6
Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
7
Center for Health Protection, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands.
8
Department of Chronic Diseases, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands.
9
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Medical Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
10
Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, UK.
11
Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
12
Division of Epidemiology, Public Health and Primary Care, Imperial College London, London, UK.
13
Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
14
Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.
15
Saarland Cancer Registry, Saarland, Germany.
16
Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neurosciences, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
17
Hellenic Health Foundation, Athens, Greece.
18
Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, University of Athens, Medical School, Athens, Greece.
19
The Tisch Cancer Institute and Institute for Translational Epidemiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.
20
Division of Clinical Epidemiology and Aging Research, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Im Neuenheimer Feld 581, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany. h.brenner@dkfz.de.
21
The German Cancer Consortium, Heidelberg, Germany. h.brenner@dkfz.de.

Abstract

The associations of circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations with total and site-specific cancer incidence have been examined in several epidemiological studies with overall inconclusive findings. Very little is known about the association of vitamin D with cancer incidence in older populations. We assessed the association of pre-diagnostic serum 25(OH)D levels with incidence of all cancers combined and incidence of lung, colorectal, breast, prostate and lymphoid malignancies among older adults. Pre-diagnostic 25(OH)D concentrations and cancer incidence were available in total for 15,486 older adults (mean age 63, range 50-84 years) participating in two cohort studies: ESTHER (Germany) and TROMSØ (Norway); and a subset of previously published nested-case control data from a another cohort study: EPIC-Elderly (Greece, Denmark, Netherlands, Spain and Sweden) from the CHANCES consortium on health and aging. Cox proportional hazards or logistic regression were used to derive multivariable adjusted hazard and odds ratios, respectively, and their 95% confidence intervals across 25(OH)D categories. Meta-analyses with random effects models were used to pool study-specific risk estimates. Overall, lower 25(OH)D concentrations were not significantly associated with increased incidence of most of the cancers assessed. However, there was some evidence of increased breast cancer and decreased lymphoma risk with higher 25(OH)D concentrations. Our meta-analyses with individual participant data from three large European population-based cohort studies provide at best limited support for the hypothesis that vitamin D may have a major role in cancer development and prevention among European older adults.

KEYWORDS:

Ageing; CHANCES; Cancer; Cohort; Vitamin D

PMID:
25977096
DOI:
10.1007/s10654-015-0040-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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