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Int J Lab Hematol. 2015 May;37 Suppl 1:11-7. doi: 10.1111/ijlh.12345.

Laboratory diagnosis of von Willebrand disease.

Author information

1
Bleeding & Clotting Disorders Institute, Peoria, IL, USA.
2
Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.
3
Children's Research Institute, Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

Abstract

Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is considered the most common inherited bleeding disorder and may also be the most difficult to diagnose. Clinical symptoms of VWD include predominantly mild mucosal bleeding; surgical bleeding may occur with specific challenges and joint bleeding can occur in the most severe forms. A family history either of diagnosed VWD or of bleeding symptoms is typically present. Laboratory diagnosis requires a series of assays of von Willebrand factor (VWF) quantity and function, and factor VIII activity, with no single straightforward diagnostic test available to either confirm or exclude the diagnosis. Newer assays of VWF function are becoming more available and useful in determining the laboratory diagnosis of VWD.

KEYWORDS:

Von Willebrand disease; platelets; von Willebrand factor

PMID:
25976955
PMCID:
PMC5600156
DOI:
10.1111/ijlh.12345
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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