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Clin Lab. 2015;61(3-4):283-8.

Performance characteristics of the ARCHITECT Active-B12 (Holotranscobalamin) assay.



Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) is a necessary cofactor in methionine and succinyl-CoA metabolism. Studies estimate the deficiency prevalence as high as 30% in the elderly population. Ten to thirty percent of circulating cobalamin is bound to transcobalamin (holotranscobalamin, holoTC) which can readily enter cells and is therefore considered the bioactive form. The objective of our study was to evaluate the analytical performance of a high-throughput, automated holoTC assay (ARCHITECT i2000(SR) Active-B12 (Holotranscobalamin)) and compare it to other available methods.


Manufacturer-specified limits of blank (LoB), detection (LoD), and quantitation (LoQ), imprecision, interference, and linearity were evaluated for the ARCHITECT HoloTC assay. Residual de-identified serum samples were used to compare the ARCHITECT HoloTC assay with the automated AxSYM Active-B12 (Holotranscobalamin) assay (Abbott Diagnostics) and the manual Active-B12 (Holotranscobalamin) Enzyme Immunoassay (EIA) (Axis-Shield Diagnostics, Dundee, Scotland, UK).


Manufacturer's claims of LoB, LoD, LoQ, imprecision, interference, and linearity to the highest point tested (113.4 pmol/L) were verified for the ARCHITECT HoloTC assay. Method comparison of the ARCHITECT HoloTC to the AxSYM HoloTC produced the following Deming regression statistics: (ARCHITECT(HoloTc)) = 0.941 (AxSYM(HoloTC)) + 1.2 pmol/L, S(y/x) = 6.4, r = 0.947 (n = 98). Comparison to the Active-B12 EIA produced: (ARCHITECT(HoloTC)) = 1.105 (EIA(Active-B12)) - 6.8 pmol/L, S(y/x) = 11.0, r = 0.950 (n = 221).


This assay performed acceptably for LoB, LoD, LoQ, imprecision, interference, linearity and method comparison to the predicate device (AxSYM). An additional comparison to a manual Active-B12 EIA method performed similarly, with minor exceptions. This study determined that the ARCHITECT HoloTC assay is suitable for routine clinical use, which provides a high-throughput alternative for automated testing of this emerging marker of cobalamin deficiency.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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