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J Immigr Minor Health. 2015 Dec;17(6):1906-10. doi: 10.1007/s10903-015-0219-8.

The Impact of Education and Socioeconomic and Occupational Conditions on Self-Perceived and Mental Health Inequalities Among Immigrants and Native Workers in Spain.

Author information

1
CISAL, Research Centre in Occupational Health, Parc Recerca Biomedica de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. acayuelam@gmail.com.
2
Public Health Area, Alicante University, Alicante, Spain. acayuelam@gmail.com.
3
Centre for Biomedical Network Research on Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Barcelona, Spain. dmalmusi@aspb.cat.
4
Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Biomedical Research Institute Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain. dmalmusi@aspb.cat.
5
Unitat Docent de Medicina Preventiva i Salut Pública PSMAR-UPF-ASPB, Barcelona, Spain. dmalmusi@aspb.cat.
6
CISAL, Research Centre in Occupational Health, Parc Recerca Biomedica de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. mlojacob@gmail.com.
7
Centre for Biomedical Network Research on Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Barcelona, Spain. mgotsens@aspb.cay.
8
CISAL, Research Centre in Occupational Health, Parc Recerca Biomedica de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. elena.ronda@ua.es.
9
Public Health Area, Alicante University, Alicante, Spain. elena.ronda@ua.es.
10
Centre for Biomedical Network Research on Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Barcelona, Spain. elena.ronda@ua.es.

Abstract

There is limited evidence on the influence of social determinants on the self-perceived and mental health of immigrants settled at least 8 years in Spain. The aim of this study was to examine differences between workers related to migrant-status, self-perceived and mental health, and to assess their relationship to occupational conditions, educational level and occupational social class, stratified by sex. Using data from the Spanish National Health Survey of 2011/12, we computed prevalence, odds ratios and explicative fractions. Mental (OR 2.02; CI 1.39-2.93) and self-perceived health (OR 2.64; CI 1.77-3.93) were poorer for immigrant women compared to natives. Occupational social class variable contributes 25% to self-perceived health OR in immigrant women. Settled immigrant women workers are a vulnerable group in Spain.

KEYWORDS:

Health inequalities; Immigrants; Occupational health; Workers

PMID:
25972123
DOI:
10.1007/s10903-015-0219-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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