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Niger J Clin Pract. 2015 Jul-Aug;18(4):516-21. doi: 10.4103/1119-3077.151790.

Co-infections of hepatitis B and C with human immunodeficiency virus among adult patients attending human immunodeficiency virus outpatients clinic in Benin City, Nigeria.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Microbiology, Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Hepatitis B and C viral co-infections with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are known to affect progression, management, and outcome of HIV infection. This study was aimed to access the prevalence of hepatitis B and C co-infections in HIV-infected adult patients in the University of Benin Teaching Hospital with a view of understanding the gravity of this problem in the local population.

METHODS:

The descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on 342 HIV-infected adult patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy attending HIV Outpatients Clinic of University of Benin Teaching Hospital, between April and September, 2011. Patients' sera were screened for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) using immunochromatographic-based kits. Clinical stage of HIV and CD4+ cell counts were equally evaluated. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 17.

RESULTS:

Of the 324 HIV-infected patients screened, 53 (15.5%) were positive for HBsAg, 24 (7.0%) positive for hepatitis C virus antibodies (HCV-Ab), while 2 (0.6%) were positive for both viruses. Seroprevalence of HBsAg was higher in male (17.8%) than in female (14.7%) (χ2=0.49, P=0.49), while the reverse is the case for HCV-Ab; 7.1% for female and 6.7% for male (χ2=0.02, P=0.88). Seroprevalences of HBsAg and HCV-Ab were also higher among patients in World Health Organization disease stages 3-4 and patients with CD4+ cell count≤200 cell/ml compared to those in stages 1-2 and with CD4+ cell count>200 cell/ml.

CONCLUSION:

Co-infection with hepatitis B virus and HCV among HIV/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients is still a problem in our environment. Screening for these viruses among HIV/AIDS patients will allow for early detection and proper management.

PMID:
25966725
DOI:
10.4103/1119-3077.151790
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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