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Am J Physiol. 1989 Nov;257(5 Pt 1):C1012-9.

Myosin light chain phosphorylation and tension potentiation in mouse skeletal muscle.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Pennsylvania State University, Hershey 17033.

Abstract

In intact mammalian fast-twitch skeletal muscle, a quantitative relationship exists between the phosphate content of myosin P-light chain (PLC) and the extent of isometric twitch tension potentiation. It has been proposed that PLC phosphorylation causes twitch potentiation in intact muscle by rendering the contractile element more sensitive to activation by Ca2+. If this hypothesis is correct, then an obligatory experimental outcome is that the slope of the "PLC phosphate vs. isometric tension potentiation (ITP)" relationship should increase when the amount of Ca2+ available to activate the contractile element is decreased. Intact mouse extensor digitorum longus muscles were studied in the absence and presence of sodium dantrolene, an agent that partially inhibits Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). Treatment of muscles with dantrolene produced a 73% reduction in isometric twitch tension and an approximately threefold increase in the slope of the PLC phosphate vs. ITP relationship. Under experimental conditions that produced fused, tetanic contractions equal to 0.52, 0.72, 0.94, and 1.0 force production, contraction-induced changes in PLC phosphate content were directly proportional to the extent of contractile element activation, whereas the extent of ITP was inversely proportional to the extent of contractile element activation. These data indicate that the slope of the PLC phosphate vs. ITP relationship varies inversely as a function of the amount of Ca2+ that is released from the SR to activate the contractile element during both twitch and fused, submaximal tetanic contractions. Furthermore, these findings support the hypothesis that ITP in intact skeletal muscle is due to a PLC phosphorylation-induced sensitization of the contractile element to activation by Ca2+.

PMID:
2596580
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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