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Carbohydr Polym. 2015;127:209-14. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2015.03.069. Epub 2015 Mar 28.

Characterization and antioxidant activities of acidic polysaccharides from Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Markino.

Author information

1
School of Pharmeutical Sciences, Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, Changchun 130117, China. Electronic address: 19870918liyang@163.com.
2
Jilin Ginseng Academy, Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, Changchun 130117, China.
3
Jilin Ginseng Academy, Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, Changchun 130117, China. Electronic address: jianganji@hotmail.com.

Abstract

Three acid polysaccharides obtained from Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Markino (named as GPA1, GPA2 and GPA3) using combination of water extraction, ion-exchange and gel permeation chromatography were subjected to composition analysis and valuated for the antioxidant activity. The sugar content of GPA1, GPA2 and GPA3 were 54.55%, 85.70% and 91.34%, respectively. Monosaccharide analysis showed that GPA1, GPA2 and GPA3 were all composed of Man, Rha, GlcA, GalA, Glc, Gal, Ara and Fuc, besides, GPA2 and GPA3 also contained Xyl. The molecular weight of GPA1, GPA2 and GPA3 were 19.6kDa, 10.6 kDa and 6.7 kDa, respectively. In vitro antioxidant assay, GPA1, GPA2 and GPA3 could scavenge 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical and hydroxyl radical, chelate ferrous ion and reduce ferric ion. The antioxidant activities of GPA3 were stronger than those of GPA1 and GPA2, suggesting that GPA3 has significant potential as a natural antioxidant agent.

KEYWORDS:

Antioxidant activity; Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Markino; Polysaccharides

PMID:
25965476
DOI:
10.1016/j.carbpol.2015.03.069
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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