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Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2015 Aug;26(5):403-8. doi: 10.1111/pai.12404.

Time to symptom improvement using elimination diets in non-IgE-mediated gastrointestinal food allergies.

Author information

1
Department of Gastroenterology, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS foundation Trust, London, UK.
2
Department Nutrition and Dietetics, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.
3
Hospital Infantil Universitario Nino Jesus, Gastroenterology Department, Madrid, Spain.
4
Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The prevalence of food allergy has increased in recent decades, and there is paucity of data on time to symptom improvement using elimination diets in non-Immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated food allergies. We therefore aimed to assess the time required to improvement of symptoms using a symptom questionnaire for children with non-IgE-mediated food allergies on an elimination diet.

METHODS:

A prospective observational study was performed on patients with non-IgE-mediated gastrointestinal food allergies on an elimination diet, who completed a questionnaire that includes nine evidence-based food allergic symptoms before and after the exclusion diet. The questionnaire measured symptoms individually from 0 (no symptom) to 5 (most severe) and collectively from 0 to 45. Children were only enrolled in the study if collectively symptoms improved with the dietary elimination within 4 or 8 weeks.

RESULTS:

Data from 131 patients were analysed including 90 boys with a median age of 21 months [IQR: 7 to 66]. Based on the symptom questionnaire, 129 patients (98.4%) improved after 4-week elimination diet and only two patients improved after 8 weeks. A statistically significant difference before and after commencing the elimination diet was seen in all nine recorded symptoms (all p < 0.001), and in the median of overall score (p < 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

This is the first study attempting to establish time to improve after commencing the diet elimination. Almost all children in this study improved within 4 weeks of following the elimination diet, under dietary supervision.

KEYWORDS:

elimination diet; non-IgE-mediated allergy; time to improvement

PMID:
25963794
DOI:
10.1111/pai.12404
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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