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Semin Immunopathol. 2015 Jul;37(4):323-33. doi: 10.1007/s00281-015-0486-4. Epub 2015 May 12.

Dysfunction in protein clearance by the proteasome: impact on autoinflammatory diseases.

Author information

1
Institute of Biochemistry, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, 10117, Berlin, Germany.

Abstract

During innate immune responses, proteostasis is greatly impacted by synthesis of pathogen proteins as well as by inflammatory tissue damage through radicals or other damaging molecules released by phagocytes. An adequate adaptation of cellular clearance pathways to the increased burden of damaged proteins is thus of fundamental importance for cells and tissues to prevent protein aggregation, inclusion body formation, and ultimately cell death. We here review the current understanding of the pivotal role of the ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) in this proteostasis network. The proteolytic capacity of the UPS can be adjusted by differential gene expression, the incorporation and maturation kinetics of alternative active sites, and the attachment of different regulators. Dysregulation of this fine-tuning is likely to induce cell death but seen more often to promote inflammation as well. The link between proteostasis impairment and inflammation may play a crucial role in autoinflammation as well as in age-related diseases and currently uncharacterized diseases. Recent studies on proteasome-associated autoinflammatory syndromes (PRAAS) discovered that IFN signaling drives the inflammation caused by reduction of degradation capacity. Elucidation of these syndromes will reveal further insights in the understanding of inadequate immune responses. Knowledge related to the diversity of this degradation system will raise the awareness of potential pitfalls in the molecular diagnostics of autoinflammatory syndromes and may help to identify novel drug targets.

PMID:
25963519
DOI:
10.1007/s00281-015-0486-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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