Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eur J Neurol. 2015 Jul;22(7):1094-112. doi: 10.1111/ene.12713. Epub 2015 May 11.

RYR1-related myopathies: a wide spectrum of phenotypes throughout life.

Author information

1
National MH Investigation Unit, Department of Anesthesiology, Canisius Wilhelmina Hospital, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
2
Department of Neurology, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
3
Department of Pathology, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
4
Department of Pathology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
5
Department of Pathology, Antwerp University Hospital, University of Antwerp, Edegem, Belgium.
6
Department of Human Genetics, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
7
Department of Neurology, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
8
Department of Genetics, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
9
Department of Neurology, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands.
10
Department of Neuropediatrics, Juliana Children's Hospital/Haga Hospital, The Hague, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
11
Department of Neurology, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
12
Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Brain Center Rudolf Magnus, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
13
Departments of Anesthesia and Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
14
Department of Paediatric Neurology, Neuromuscular Service, Evelina Children's Hospital, Guy's and St Thomas' Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.
15
Randall Division for Cell and Molecular Biophysics, Muscle Signalling Section, King's College, London, UK.
16
Department of Basic and Clinical Neuroscience, IoPPN, King's College, London, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Although several recent studies have implicated RYR1 mutations as a common cause of various myopathies and the malignant hyperthermia susceptibility (MHS) trait, many of these studies have been limited to certain age groups, confined geographical regions or specific conditions. The aim of the present study was to investigate the full spectrum of RYR1-related disorders throughout life and to use this knowledge to increase vigilance concerning malignant hyperthermia.

METHODS:

A retrospective cohort study was performed on the clinical, genetic and histopathological features of all paediatric and adult patients in whom an RYR1 mutation was detected in a national referral centre for both malignant hyperthermia and inherited myopathies (2008-2012).

RESULTS:

The cohort of 77 non-related patients (detection rate 28%) included both congenital myopathies with permanent weakness and 'induced' myopathies such as MHS and non-anaesthesia-related episodes of rhabdomyolysis or hyperCKemia, manifested throughout life and triggered by various stimuli. Sixty-one different mutations were detected, of which 24 were novel. Some mutations are present in both dominant (MHS) and recessive modes (congenital myopathy) of inheritance, even within families. Histopathological features included an equally wide spectrum, ranging from only subtle abnormalities to prominent cores.

CONCLUSIONS:

This broad range of RYR1-related disorders often presents to the general paediatric and adult neurologist. Its recognition is essential for genetic counselling and improving patients' safety during anaesthesia. Future research should focus on in vitro testing by the in vitro contracture test and functional characterization of the large number of RYR1 variants whose precise effects currently remain uncertain.

KEYWORDS:

RYR1; anaesthesia; congenital myopathy; core myopathy; malignant hyperthermia susceptibility; ryanodine receptor

PMID:
25960145
DOI:
10.1111/ene.12713
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center