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Ecol Lett. 2015 Jul;18(7):626-35. doi: 10.1111/ele.12424. Epub 2015 May 11.

Abundance of common species, not species richness, drives delivery of a real-world ecosystem service.

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Department of Ecology, Evolution and Natural Resources, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada.
Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of California, Davis, CA, USA.


Biodiversity-ecosystem functioning experiments have established that species richness and composition are both important determinants of ecosystem function in an experimental context. Determining whether this result holds for real-world ecosystem services has remained elusive, however, largely due to the lack of analytical methods appropriate for large-scale, associational data. Here, we use a novel analytical approach, the Price equation, to partition the contribution to ecosystem services made by species richness, composition and abundance in four large-scale data sets on crop pollination by native bees. We found that abundance fluctuations of dominant species drove ecosystem service delivery, whereas richness changes were relatively unimportant because they primarily involved rare species that contributed little to function. Thus, the mechanism behind our results was the skewed species-abundance distribution. Our finding that a few common species, not species richness, drive ecosystem service delivery could have broad generality given the ubiquity of skewed species-abundance distributions in nature.


Biodiversity-ecosystem functioning; biodiversity-ecosystem function; dominance; pollination; pollinator; species-abundance distribution

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