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J Voice. 2016 May;30(3):377.e11-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2015.03.013. Epub 2015 May 7.

The Effectiveness of the Comprehensive Voice Rehabilitation Program Compared With the Vocal Function Exercises Method in Behavioral Dysphonia: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Author information

1
Departamento de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo UNIFESP, São Paulo, Brazil; Departamento de Medicina, Centro de Estudos da Voz, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: vpedrosavieira@yahoo.com.br.
2
Departamento de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo UNIFESP, São Paulo, Brazil.
3
Departamento de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo UNIFESP, São Paulo, Brazil; Departamento de Medicina, Centro de Estudos da Voz, São Paulo, Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effectiveness of the Comprehensive Voice Rehabilitation Program (CVRP) compared with Vocal Function Exercises (VFEs) to treat functional dysphonia.

STUDY DESIGN:

This is a randomized blinded clinical trial.

METHODS:

Eighty voice professionals presented with voice complaints for more than 6 months with a functional dysphonia diagnosis. Subjects were randomized into two voice treatment groups: CVRP and VFE. The rehabilitation program consisted of six voice treatment sessions and three assessment sessions performed before, immediately after, and 1 month after treatment. The outcome measures were self-assessment protocols (Voice-Related Quality of Life [V-RQOL] and Voice Handicap Index [VHI]), perceptual evaluation of vocal quality, and a visual examination of the larynx, both blinded.

RESULTS:

The randomization process produced comparable groups in terms of age, gender, signs, and symptoms. Both groups had positive outcome measures. The CVRP effect size was 1.09 for the V-RQOL, 1.17 for the VHI, 0.79 for vocal perceptual evaluation, and 1.01 for larynx visual examination. The VFE effect size was 0.86 for the V-RQOL, 0.62 for the VHI, 0.48 for the vocal perceptual evaluation, and 0.51 for larynx visual examination. Only 10% of the patients were lost over the study.

CONCLUSIONS:

Both treatment programs were effective. The probability of a patient improving because of the CVRP treatment was similar to that of the VFE treatment.

KEYWORDS:

Randomized clinical trial; Speech therapy; Vocal quality; Voice; Voice disorders; Voice quality; Voice treatment

PMID:
25959424
DOI:
10.1016/j.jvoice.2015.03.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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