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Int J Sports Med. 2015 Oct;36(10):789-95. doi: 10.1055/s-0035-1547284. Epub 2015 May 6.

Influence of Strength, Sprint Running, and Combined Strength and Sprint Running Training on Short Sprint Performance in Young Adults.

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Department of Sports Sciences, University of Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal.
School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, Australia.
Center for Exercise and Sports Science Research, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Australia.
Nord Trøndelag University College, Levanger, Norway.
Department of Health Sciences, Public University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.


The purpose of this study was to assess the degree of transference of 6 weeks of full squat vs. full squat plus sprint running training to short (ranged from 0-10 to 0-30 m) sprint running performance in non-athletes. We hypothesized that a speed-full-squat training regimen could enhance squat strength and power with simultaneous improvements in short sprint performance. 122 physically active adults (age: 20.5±2.5 years; body mass: 65.8±6.1 kg; height: 1.71±0.08 m) were randomly divided into 4 groups: full squat training (n=36), combined full squat and sprint training (n=32), speed training only (n=34) and non-training control group (n=20). Each training group completed 2 sessions per week over 6 weeks, while the control group performed only their normal physical activity. Sprint performance was improved after sprint running or full squat training alone (1.7% and 1.8% P<0.05, respectively), however larger enhancements (2.3%; P<0.01) were observed after the combined full squat plus sprint training intervention. These results suggest that in recreationally active adults, combined full squat and sprint training provides a greater stimulus for improving sprint performance than either modality alone.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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