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Int J Sports Med. 2015 Oct;36(10):789-95. doi: 10.1055/s-0035-1547284. Epub 2015 May 6.

Influence of Strength, Sprint Running, and Combined Strength and Sprint Running Training on Short Sprint Performance in Young Adults.

Author information

1
Department of Sports Sciences, University of Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal.
2
School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, Australia.
3
Center for Exercise and Sports Science Research, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Australia.
4
Nord Trøndelag University College, Levanger, Norway.
5
Department of Health Sciences, Public University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the degree of transference of 6 weeks of full squat vs. full squat plus sprint running training to short (ranged from 0-10 to 0-30 m) sprint running performance in non-athletes. We hypothesized that a speed-full-squat training regimen could enhance squat strength and power with simultaneous improvements in short sprint performance. 122 physically active adults (age: 20.5±2.5 years; body mass: 65.8±6.1 kg; height: 1.71±0.08 m) were randomly divided into 4 groups: full squat training (n=36), combined full squat and sprint training (n=32), speed training only (n=34) and non-training control group (n=20). Each training group completed 2 sessions per week over 6 weeks, while the control group performed only their normal physical activity. Sprint performance was improved after sprint running or full squat training alone (1.7% and 1.8% P<0.05, respectively), however larger enhancements (2.3%; P<0.01) were observed after the combined full squat plus sprint training intervention. These results suggest that in recreationally active adults, combined full squat and sprint training provides a greater stimulus for improving sprint performance than either modality alone.

PMID:
25958946
DOI:
10.1055/s-0035-1547284
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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