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Database (Oxford). 2015 May 9;2015:bav043. doi: 10.1093/database/bav043. Print 2015.

The Confidence Information Ontology: a step towards a standard for asserting confidence in annotations.

Author information

1
Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland, SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland, Department of Microbiology and Immunology and Institute for Genome Sciences, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore MD, USA, SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, 1 Rue Michel Servet, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland, Department of Medicine and Institute for Genome Sciences, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore MD, USA, Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA, School of Information, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 33647, USA, Genomics Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, 1 Cyclotron Rd., Berkeley, 94720 CA USA, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI), Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SD, UK, Swiss-Prot Group, SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, Centre Medical Universitaire, Geneva, Switzerland, ETH Zurich, Department of Computer Science, Universitätstr. 19, 8092 Zürich, Switzerland, SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, Universitätstr. 6, 8092 Zürich, Switzerland and University College London, Gower St, London WC1E 6BT, UK Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland, SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland, Department of Microbiology and Immunology and Institute for Genome Sciences, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore MD, USA, SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, 1 Rue Michel Servet, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland, Department of Medicine and Institute for Genome Sciences, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore MD, USA, Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA, School of Information, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 33647, USA, Genomics Division, Lawrence Berkeley Nat
2
Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland, SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland, Department of Microbiology and Immunology and Institute for Genome Sciences, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore MD, USA, SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, 1 Rue Michel Servet, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland, Department of Medicine and Institute for Genome Sciences, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore MD, USA, Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA, School of Information, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 33647, USA, Genomics Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, 1 Cyclotron Rd., Berkeley, 94720 CA USA, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI), Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SD, UK, Swiss-Prot Group, SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, Centre Medical Universitaire, Geneva, Switzerland, ETH Zurich, Department of Computer Science, Universitätstr. 19, 8092 Zürich, Switzerland, SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, Universitätstr. 6, 8092 Zürich, Switzerland and University College London, Gower St, London WC1E 6BT, UK.

Abstract

Biocuration has become a cornerstone for analyses in biology, and to meet needs, the amount of annotations has considerably grown in recent years. However, the reliability of these annotations varies; it has thus become necessary to be able to assess the confidence in annotations. Although several resources already provide confidence information about the annotations that they produce, a standard way of providing such information has yet to be defined. This lack of standardization undermines the propagation of knowledge across resources, as well as the credibility of results from high-throughput analyses. Seeded at a workshop during the Biocuration 2012 conference, a working group has been created to address this problem. We present here the elements that were identified as essential for assessing confidence in annotations, as well as a draft ontology--the Confidence Information Ontology--to illustrate how the problems identified could be addressed. We hope that this effort will provide a home for discussing this major issue among the biocuration community. Tracker URL: https://github.com/BgeeDB/confidence-information-ontology Ontology URL: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/BgeeDB/confidence-information-ontology/master/src/ontology/cio-simple.obo.

PMID:
25957950
PMCID:
PMC4425939
DOI:
10.1093/database/bav043
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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