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Mol Pain. 2015 May 9;11:26. doi: 10.1186/s12990-015-0024-3.

Sodium channel Nav1.7 in vascular myocytes, endothelium, and innervating axons in human skin.

Author information

1
Integrated Tissue Dynamics, LLC, Rensselaer, NY, 12144, USA. frankrice@intidyn.com.
2
Integrated Tissue Dynamics, LLC, Rensselaer, NY, 12144, USA. philabrecht@intidyn.com.
3
Department of Neurology, Albany Medical College, Albany, NY, 12209, USA. philabrecht@intidyn.com.
4
Department of Neurology, Albany Medical College, Albany, NY, 12209, USA. wymerj@mail.amc.edu.
5
Center for Neuroscience & Regeneration Research, Yale University School of Medicine, West Haven, CT, 06516, USA. joel.black@yale.edu.
6
Rehabilitation Research Center, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT, 06516, USA. joel.black@yale.edu.
7
Department of Neurology, Spaarne Hospital, Hoofddorp, the Netherlands. isjmerkies@planet.nl.
8
Department of Neurology, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands. isjmerkies@planet.nl.
9
Department of Neurology, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands. c.faber@mumc.nl.
10
Center for Neuroscience & Regeneration Research, Yale University School of Medicine, West Haven, CT, 06516, USA. Stephen.Waxman@yale.edu.
11
Rehabilitation Research Center, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT, 06516, USA. Stephen.Waxman@yale.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The skin is a morphologically complex organ that serves multiple complementary functions, including an important role in thermoregulation, which is mediated by a rich vasculature that is innervated by sympathetic and sensory endings. Two autosomal dominant disorders characterized by episodes of severe pain, inherited erythromelalgia (IEM) and paroxysmal extreme pain disorder (PEPD) have been directly linked to mutations that enhance the function of sodium channel Nav1.7. Pain attacks are accompanied by reddening of the skin in both disorders. Nav1.7 is known to be expressed at relatively high levels within both dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and sympathetic ganglion neurons, and mutations that enhance the activity of Nav1.7 have been shown to have profound effects on the excitability of both cell-types, suggesting that dysfunction of sympathetic and/or sensory fibers, which release vasoactive peptides at skin vasculature, may contribute to skin reddening in IEM and PEPD.

RESULTS:

In the present study, we demonstrate that smooth muscle cells of cutaneous arterioles and arteriole-venule shunts (AVS) in the skin express sodium channel Nav1.7. Moreover, Nav1.7 is expressed by endothelial cells lining the arterioles and AVS and by sensory and sympathetic fibers innervating these vascular elements.

CONCLUSIONS:

These observations suggest that the activity of mutant Nav1.7 channels in smooth muscle cells of skin vasculature and innervating sensory and sympathetic fibers contribute to the skin reddening and/or pain in IEM and PEPD.

PMID:
25957174
PMCID:
PMC4447014
DOI:
10.1186/s12990-015-0024-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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