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Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2015 Jul 15;92(4):829-36. doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2015.03.002. Epub 2015 Mar 7.

Tumor Induction in Mice After Localized Single- or Fractionated-Dose Irradiation: Differences in Tumor Histotype and Genetic Susceptibility Based on Dose Scheduling.

Author information

1
Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences Department, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado. Electronic address: elijah.edmondson@colostate.edu.
2
Department of Experimental Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas.
3
Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences Department, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To investigate differences in tumor histotype, incidence, latency, and strain susceptibility in mice exposed to single-dose or clinically relevant, fractioned-dose γ-ray radiation.

METHODS AND MATERIALS:

C3Hf/Kam and C57BL/6J mice were locally irradiated to the right hindlimb with either single large doses between 10 and 70 Gy or fractionated doses totaling 40 to 80 Gy delivered at 2-Gy/d fractions, 5 d/wk, for 4 to 8 weeks. The mice were closely evaluated for tumor development in the irradiated field for 800 days after irradiation, and all tumors were characterized histologically.

RESULTS:

A total of 210 tumors were induced within the radiation field in 788 mice. An overall decrease in tumor incidence was observed after fractionated irradiation (16.4%) in comparison with single-dose irradiation (36.1%). Sarcomas were the predominant postirradiation tumor observed (n=201), with carcinomas occurring less frequently (n=9). The proportion of mice developing tumors increased significantly with total dose for both single-dose and fractionated schedules, and latencies were significantly decreased in mice exposed to larger total doses. C3Hf/Kam mice were more susceptible to tumor induction than C57BL/6J mice after single-dose irradiation; however, significant differences in tumor susceptibilities after fractionated radiation were not observed. For both strains of mice, osteosarcomas and hemangiosarcomas were significantly more common after fractionated irradiation, whereas fibrosarcomas and malignant fibrous histiocytomas were significantly more common after single-dose irradiation.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study investigated the tumorigenic effect of acute large doses in comparison with fractionated radiation in which both the dose and delivery schedule were similar to those used in clinical radiation therapy. Differences in tumor histotype after single-dose or fractionated radiation exposures provide novel in vivo evidence for differences in tumor susceptibility among stromal cell populations.

PMID:
25956832
PMCID:
PMC4481185
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijrobp.2015.03.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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