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Oncologist. 2015 Jun;20(6):627-34. doi: 10.1634/theoncologist.2014-0303. Epub 2015 May 8.

Cervical Cancer Screening Among Adult Women in China, 2010.

Author information

1
National Center for Chronic and Noncommunicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, People's Republic of China; Center for Global Health, U.S. National Cancer Institute, Rockville, Maryland, USA; Center for Global Health and Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Cancer Control and Prevention, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.
2
National Center for Chronic and Noncommunicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, People's Republic of China; Center for Global Health, U.S. National Cancer Institute, Rockville, Maryland, USA; Center for Global Health and Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Cancer Control and Prevention, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA linhong@chinawch.org.cn.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Cervical cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers among women in China. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends routine screening for cervical cancer, and the WHO Global Monitoring Framework suggests that every nation monitors cervical cancer screening. However, little information is available on cervical cancer screening behavior among women in China.

METHODS:

We used data from the 2010 China Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance System that included 51,989 women aged 18 years and older. We report the proportion of women who reported ever having had a Papanicolaou (Pap) test, stratified by sociodemographic characteristics and geographic region. Multivariable logistic regression modeling was performed to adjust for potential confounders.

RESULTS:

Overall, 21% of 51,989 women reported having ever had a Pap test. The highest proportion was reported among women aged 30-39 years (30.1%, 95% confidence interval, 26.8%-33.4%). In all geographic regions, women in rural areas were consistently less likely than women in urban areas to report having had a Pap test. Among women who reported ever having a Pap test, 82% reported having the most recent test in the past 3 years. Factors associated with reporting ever having a test were being aged 30-49 years, higher education, being married, and having urban health insurance.

CONCLUSION:

Our results indicate that screening programs need to be strengthened along with a more intense focus on specific demographic groups. National cervical cancer screening guidelines and comprehensive implementation strategies are needed to make screening services available and accessible to all women.

IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE:

This study is the largest nationwide and population-based assessment of self-reported history of Pap test for cervical cancer screening in China. This article describes cervical cancer screening behavior among women and examines key demographic and geographic factors. Only one fifth of Chinese women reported having ever had a Pap test for cervical cancer screening. The results highlight the urgent need to develop national cervical cancer screening guidelines and strategies that make screening services widely available, accessible, and acceptable to all women, especially to those who reside in rural areas and those with no health insurance.

KEYWORDS:

Cervical cancer; China; Epidemiology; Papanicolaou test; Women

PMID:
25956407
PMCID:
PMC4571778
DOI:
10.1634/theoncologist.2014-0303
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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