Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Osteoporos Int. 2015 Oct;26(10):2423-9. doi: 10.1007/s00198-015-3152-8. Epub 2015 May 9.

Low pulmonary function is related with a high risk of sarcopenia in community-dwelling older adults: the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2008-2011.

Jeon YK1,2, Shin MJ3,2, Kim MH4,2, Mok JH4,2, Kim SS1,2, Kim BH1,2, Kim SJ5,2, Kim YK6, Chang JH3,2, Shin YB3,2, Kim IJ7,8.

Author information

1
Division of Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
2
Medical Research Institute, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea.
3
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Pusan National University Hospital, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
4
Division of Pulmonology, Department of Internal Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
5
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
6
Kim Yong Ki Clinic, Busan, Korea.
7
Division of Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea. injkim@pusan.ac.kr.
8
Medical Research Institute, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea. injkim@pusan.ac.kr.

Abstract

Sarcopenia is the age-related reduction of skeletal muscle mass in older individuals. Respiratory muscle strength may be related to skeletal muscle mass and, thus, the present study attempted to estimate the risk of sarcopenia relative to decreased pulmonary function. The present findings demonstrated that low pulmonary function was associated with low muscle mass in community-dwelling older adults.

INTRODUCTION:

Lean body mass is related to pulmonary function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the relationship between muscle mass and pulmonary function in healthy older adults has yet to be clarified. Thus, the present study investigated the association of pulmonary function with muscle mass in an older community-dwelling Korean population.

METHODS:

This study included 463 disease-free subjects over 65 years of age who underwent anthropometric measurements, laboratory tests, spirometry, and the estimation of appendicular skeletal muscle (ASM) mass in the 2008-2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Low muscle mass was defined as the value of ASM divided by height squared (ASM/height(2)) that was less than two standard deviations (SD) below the sex-specific mean of the young reference group.

RESULTS:

Forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1[L]) and forced vital capacity (FVC[L]) were positively correlated with ASM/height(2) in males (p < 0.001 and p = 0.001, respectively) but not in females (p = 0.360 and p = 0.779, respectively). A univariate logistic regression analysis revealed that males with low FEV1 or FVC were more likely to have low muscle mass (odds ratio [OR]‚ÄČ= 3.11, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.62-5.99 for FEV1; OR = 1.99, 95% CI 1.13-3.53 for FVC); similar results were found for females, but the significance was lower (OR = 11.37, 95% CI 0.97-132.91 for FEV1; OR = 7.31, 95% CI 1.25-42.74 for FVC). After adjusting for age, smoking, and moderate physical activity, a low FEV1 value was associated with low muscle mass in both males (OR = 2.90, 95% CI 1.50-5.63) and females (OR = 9.15, 95% CI 1.53-54.77).

CONCLUSIONS:

Using nationally representative data from the 2008-2011 KNHANES, low pulmonary function was found to be associated with low muscle mass in community-dwelling older Korean adults.

KEYWORDS:

FEV1; Respiratory function; Sarcopenia

PMID:
25956284
DOI:
10.1007/s00198-015-3152-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center