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Sci Total Environ. 2015 Sep 15;527-528:56-64. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.04.091. Epub 2015 May 14.

Seasonal variation of antibiotics concentration in the aquatic environment: a case study at Jianghan Plain, central China.

Author information

1
School of Environmental Studies, State Key Laboratory of Biogeology and Environmental Geology, China University of Geosciences, 430074 Wuhan, China.
2
School of Environmental Studies, State Key Laboratory of Biogeology and Environmental Geology, China University of Geosciences, 430074 Wuhan, China. Electronic address: yx.wang@cug.edu.cn.
3
Hubei Provincial Center for Disease Control & Prevention, Wuhan 430074, China.

Abstract

25 antibiotics (macrolides, tetracyclines, fluoroquinolones and sulfonamides) were detected in swine wastewater, river water, rivulet water and in groundwater samples from multi-level monitoring boreholes (with sampling ports, respectively, at 10, 25 and 50 m below the land surface) at Jianghan Plain, central China. Except swine wastewater, the antibiotic concentrations in groundwater, river and rivulet water were higher in spring than those in winter. Nineteen antibiotics were detected at 100% frequencies in all kinds of water samples. In groundwater, fluoroquinolones and tetracyclines were the predominant antibiotics and the total concentrations of 25 antibiotics commonly decreased with the aquifer depth. Most groundwater samples collected in spring had high concentrations of norfloxacin, with average values of 65.27 ng · L(-1), 37.28 ng · L(-1) and 46.83 ng · L(-1), respectively, at 10, 25 and 50 m deep boreholes. By contrast, the concentrations of sulfamethazine and erythromycin were rather low in groundwater, but high in surface water. Groundwater samples collected from sites close to rivers or rivulets had much higher contents of antibiotics than those from other sites, indicating that the dominant source of antibiotics in groundwater should be the contaminated rivers or rivulets, rather than the scattered pig and poultry farms in the study area.

KEYWORDS:

Antibiotics; Groundwater; Jianghan Plain; Seasonal variation; Surface water; Vertical infiltration

PMID:
25956148
DOI:
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.04.091
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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