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Sports Med. 2015 Jul;45(7):1017-26. doi: 10.1007/s40279-015-0333-8.

Incidence of Running-Related Injuries Per 1000 h of running in Different Types of Runners: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Research Unit, Science and Innovation Center, Aalborg University Hospital, Aarhus University, 18-22 Hobrovej, 9000, Aarhus, Denmark, solvejandersen@hotmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

No systematic review has identified the incidence of running-related injuries per 1000 h of running in different types of runners.

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of the present review was to systematically search the literature for the incidence of running-related injuries per 1000 h of running in different types of runners, and to include the data in meta-analyses.

DATA SOURCES:

A search of the PubMed, Scopus, SPORTDiscus, PEDro and Web of Science databases was conducted.

STUDY SELECTION:

Titles, abstracts, and full-text articles were screened by two blinded reviewers to identify prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials reporting the incidence of running-related injuries in novice runners, recreational runners, ultra-marathon runners, and track and field athletes.

STUDY APPRAISAL AND SYNTHESIS METHODS:

Data were extracted from all studies and comprised for further analysis. An adapted scale was applied to assess the risk of bias.

RESULTS:

After screening 815 abstracts, 13 original articles were included in the main analysis. Running-related injuries per 1000 h of running ranged from a minimum of 2.5 in a study of long-distance track and field athletes to a maximum of 33.0 in a study of novice runners. The meta-analyses revealed a weighted injury incidence of 17.8 (95% confidence interval [CI] 16.7-19.1) in novice runners and 7.7 (95% CI 6.9-8.7) in recreational runners.

LIMITATIONS:

Heterogeneity in definitions of injury, definition of type of runner, and outcome measures in the included full-text articles challenged comparison across studies.

CONCLUSION:

Novice runners seem to face a significantly greater risk of injury per 1000 h of running than recreational runners.

PMID:
25951917
PMCID:
PMC4473093
DOI:
10.1007/s40279-015-0333-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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