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Trends Parasitol. 2015 Jul;31(7):306-14. doi: 10.1016/j.pt.2015.04.001. Epub 2015 May 4.

Theileria-transformed bovine leukocytes have cancer hallmarks.

Author information

1
Institute for Genome Sciences, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA; Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.
2
Institute for Genome Sciences, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.
3
Division of Molecular Biosciences, Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK.
4
Institute for Genome Sciences, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA; Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA. Electronic address: jcsilva@som.umaryland.edu.

Abstract

The genus Theileria includes tick-transmitted apicomplexan parasites of ruminants with substantial economic impact in endemic countries. Some species, including Theileria parva and Theileria annulata, infect leukocytes where they induce phenotypes that are shared with some cancers, most notably immortalization, hyperproliferation, and dissemination. Despite considerable research into the affected host signaling pathways, the parasite proteins directly responsible for these host phenotypes remain unknown. In this review we outline current knowledge on the manipulation of host cells by transformation-inducing Theileria, and we propose that comparisons between cancer biology and host-Theileria interactions can reveal chemotherapeutic targets against Theileria-induced pathogenesis based on cancer treatment approaches.

KEYWORDS:

East Coast fever; Theileria; cancer; cellular proliferation; hallmarks

PMID:
25951781
DOI:
10.1016/j.pt.2015.04.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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