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Int J Prev Med. 2015 Mar 24;6:27. doi: 10.4103/2008-7802.153866. eCollection 2015.

Effects of Probiotic Supplementation on Pancreatic β-cell Function and C-reactive Protein in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Randomized Double-blind Placebo-controlled Clinical Trial.

Author information

1
Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Food Security Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
3
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Isfahan Endocrine and Metabolism Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a polygenic endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age that lead to infertility. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of probiotic on pancreatic β-cell function and C-reactive protein (CRP) in PCOS patients.

METHODS:

This randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted among 72 women aged 15-40 years old diagnosed with PCOS. Participants were randomly assigned to two groups receiving: (1) Probiotic supplements (n = 36), (2) placebo (n = 36) for 8-week. Fasting blood samples were taken at baseline and after 8-week of intervention.

RESULTS:

Probiotic supplementation, compare with placebo, reduced fasting blood sugar (-4.15 ± 2.87 vs. 2.57 ± 5.66 mg/dL, respectively P = 0.7), serum insulin levels in crude model (-0.49 ± 0.67 vs. 0.34 ± 0.82 μIU/mL, respectively, P = 0.09), homeostasis model of assessment-insulin resistance score (-0.25 ± 0.18 vs. -0.05 ± 0.18, respectively, P = 0.14) nonsignificantly. Serum insulin levels after adjustment with covariates reduced significantly in probiotic group (P = 0.02). We did not found any significant differences in mean changes of CRP between groups (-0.25 ± 0.18 vs. -0.05 ± 0.18, respectively, P = 0.14).

CONCLUSIONS:

A 8-week multispecies probiotics supplementation had nonsignificantly beneficial effect on pancreatic β-cell function and CRP in PCOS patients. After adjustment for some covariates, serum insulin changes were significantly different between groups.

KEYWORDS:

C-reactive protein; pancreatic β-cell function; polycystic ovary syndrome; probiotic supplementation

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