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Drug Metab Dispos. 2015 Jul;43(7):1147-53. doi: 10.1124/dmd.114.062653. Epub 2015 May 6.

Peony-Glycyrrhiza Decoction, an Herbal Preparation, Inhibits Clozapine Metabolism via Cytochrome P450s, but Not Flavin-Containing Monooxygenase in In Vitro Models.

Author information

1
School of Chinese Medicine, LKS Faculty of Medicine, the University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China (W.W., D.-D.T., Z.-J.Z.); College of Life Science, Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, China (B.Z., D.W.); Department of Psychiatry, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China (Q.-R.T.); and Beijing Key Laboratory of Mental Disorders, Department of Psychiatry, Beijing Anding Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China (C.-Y.W.).
2
School of Chinese Medicine, LKS Faculty of Medicine, the University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China (W.W., D.-D.T., Z.-J.Z.); College of Life Science, Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, China (B.Z., D.W.); Department of Psychiatry, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China (Q.-R.T.); and Beijing Key Laboratory of Mental Disorders, Department of Psychiatry, Beijing Anding Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China (C.-Y.W.) zhangzj@hku.hk.

Abstract

Our previous studies have shown the therapeutic efficacy and underlying mechanisms of Peony-Glycyrrhiza Decoction (PGD), an herbal preparation, in treating antipsychotic-induced hyperprolactinemia in cultured cells, animal models, and human subjects. In the present study, we further evaluated pharmacokinetic interactions of PGD with clozapine (CLZ) in human liver microsomes (HLM), recombinantly expressed cytochrome P450s (P450s), and flavin-containing monooxygenases (FMOs). CLZ metabolites, N-demethyl-clozapine and clozapine-N-oxide, were measured. PGD, individual peony and glycyrrhiza preparations, and the two individual preparations in combination reduced production of CLZ metabolites to different extents in HLM. While the known bioactive constituents of PGD play a relatively minor role in the kinetic effects of PGD on P450 activity, PGD as a whole had a weak-to-moderate inhibitory potency toward P450s, in particular CYP1A2 and CYP3A4. FMOs are less actively involved in mediating CLZ metabolism and the PGD inhibition of CLZ. These results suggest that PGD has the capacity to suppress CLZ metabolism in the human liver microsomal system. This suppression is principally associated with the inhibition of related P450 activity but not FMOs. The present study provides in vitro evidence of herb-antipsychotic interactions.

PMID:
25948710
DOI:
10.1124/dmd.114.062653
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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