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Int J Surg Case Rep. 2015;11:87-90. doi: 10.1016/j.ijscr.2015.04.031. Epub 2015 Apr 29.

Vacuum-assisted closure for open perineal wound after abdominoperineal resection.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Osaka Medical Center for Cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases, 1-3-3 Nakamichi, Higashinari-ku, Osaka 537-8511, Japan.
2
Department of Surgery, Osaka Medical Center for Cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases, 1-3-3 Nakamichi, Higashinari-ku, Osaka 537-8511, Japan. Electronic address: miyosi-no@mc.pref.osaka.jp.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

In colorectal cancer surgery, surgical site infection (SSI) is a common complication, and especially, perineal wound complications after abdominoperineal resection (APR) remain to be serious clinical problems. Vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) therapy was first reported in another surgical field in 1997, and it is useful for treating complex wounds because it promotes granulation. VAC therapy has been recently used for open abdominal wounds. We introduced VAC for treating open perineal wound of APR and report the usefulness of it.

PRESENTATION OF CASE:

We treated four patients. Firstly, in cases 1 and 2, we introduced VAC therapy to the management of SSI of the perineal wound after APR, and it was useful to control postoperative perineal wound infection. And also, in cases 3 and 4, we introduced VAC therapy to prevent perineal wound infection. Perineal wound infection did not happen.

DISCUSSION:

A vertical rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap has been reported to decrease perineal wound complications including pelvic abscess and open perineal wound; however it results in significant operative blood loss, increased operative time, and additional surgical complications. In our cases, there were no complications relating to VAC therapy and it promoted rapid wound healing. Our results suggested that it is an effective treatment for APR in a high-risk case of an open perineal wound.

CONCLUSION:

VAC therapy is a less invasive method and a useful treatment for open perineal wound of APR.

KEYWORDS:

APR; Abdominoperineal resection; Perineal wound; SSI; VAC; Vacuum assisted closure

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