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PLoS One. 2015 May 5;10(5):e0120813. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0120813. eCollection 2015.

Perioperative myocardial injury after adult heart transplant: determinants and prognostic value.

Author information

1
Chair of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgical and Medical Sciences, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy-Casa di Cura Montevergine (AV).
2
Department of Cardiothoracic Sciences, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy.
3
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery and Transplants, V. Monaldi Hospital, Naples, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY:

Implications of Cardiac troponin (cTnI) release after cardiac transplantation are still unclear. This study disclosed risk factors and prognostic implication of cTnI early levels in a single centre cohort operated on between January 1999 and December 2010.

METHODS:

Data on 362 consecutive recipients (mean age: 47.8±13.7, 20.2% female, 18.2% diabetics, 22.1% with previous cardiac operations, 27.6% hospitalized, 84.9±29.4 ml/min preoperative glomerular filtration rate) were analyzed using multivariable logistic regression modeling. Target outcomes were determinants of troponin release, early graft failure (EGF), acute kidney injury (AKI) and operative death.

RESULTS:

Mean cTnI release measured 24 hours after transplant was 10.9±11.6 μg/L. Overall hospital mortality was 10.8%, EGF 10.5%, and AKI was 12.2%. cTnI release>10 μg/L proved an independent predictor of EGF (OR 2.2; 95% CI, 1.06-4.6) and AKI (OR 1.031; 95% CI, 1.001-1.064). EGF, in turn, proved a determinant of hospital mortality. Risk factors for cTnI>10 μg/L release were: status 2B (OR 0.35; 95% CI, 0.18-0.69, protective), duration of the ischemic period (OR 1.006; 95% CI, 1.001-1.011), previous cardiac operation (OR 2.9; 95% CI, 1.67-5.0), and left ventricular hypertrophy (OR 3.3; 95% CI, 1.9-5.6).

CONCLUSIONS:

Myocardial enzyme leakage clearly emerged as an epiphenomenon of more complicated clinical course. The complex interplay between surgical procedure features, graft characteristics and recipient end-organ function highlights cTnI release as a risk marker of graft failure and acute kidney injury. The search for optimal myocardial preservation is still an issue.

PMID:
25942400
PMCID:
PMC4420471
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0120813
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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