Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2015 Jul;59(7):4112-20. doi: 10.1128/AAC.00237-15. Epub 2015 May 4.

Structure-activity relationship study of novel peptoids that mimic the structure of antimicrobial peptides.

Author information

1
Department of Science, Systems, and Models, Roskilde University, Roskilde, Denmark.
2
Molecular Foundry, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, USA.
3
Department of Science, Systems, and Models, Roskilde University, Roskilde, Denmark jenssen@ruc.dk.

Abstract

The constant emergence of new bacterial strains that resist the effectiveness of marketed antimicrobials has led to an urgent demand for and intensive research on new classes of compounds to combat bacterial infections. Antimicrobial peptoids comprise one group of potential candidates for antimicrobial drug development. The present study highlights a library of 22 cationic amphipathic peptoids designed to target bacteria. All the peptoids share an overall net charge of +4 and are 8 to 9 residues long; however, the hydrophobicity and charge distribution along the abiotic backbone varied, thus allowing an examination of the structure-activity relationship within the library. In addition, the toxicity profiles of all peptoids were assessed in human red blood cells (hRBCs) and HeLa cells, revealing the low toxicity exerted by the majority of the peptoids. The structural optimization also identified two peptoid candidates, 3 and 4, with high selectivity ratios of 4 to 32 and 8 to 64, respectively, and a concentration-dependent bactericidal mode of action against Gram-negative Escherichia coli.

PMID:
25941221
PMCID:
PMC4468694
DOI:
10.1128/AAC.00237-15
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center