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Trends Cell Biol. 2015 Aug;25(8):476-85. doi: 10.1016/j.tcb.2015.04.002. Epub 2015 May 1.

Mechanisms of apical-basal axis orientation and epithelial lumen positioning.

Author information

1
Department of Cell Biology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
2
Cancer Research UK (CRUK) Beatson Institute, and Institute of Cancer Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK. Electronic address: david.bryant@glasgow.ac.uk.
3
Department of Cell Biology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: s.c.d.van.ijzendoorn@umcg.nl.

Abstract

In epithelial cells, the polarized orientation of the apical-basal axis determines the position of the apical lumen and, thereby, the collective tubular tissue architecture. From recent studies employing 3D cell cultures, animal models, and patient material, a model is emerging in which the orientation and positioning of the apical surface and lumen is controlled by the relationships between the extracellular matrix (ECM), Rho family GTPase signaling, recycling endosome dynamics, and cell division. Different epithelial cells adjust these relationships to establish their specific cell polarity orientation and lumen positioning, according to physiologic need. We provide an overview of the molecular mechanisms required to construct and orient the apical lumen.

KEYWORDS:

Rab11; apical lumen; cell polarity; extracellular matrix; recycling endosome

PMID:
25941134
DOI:
10.1016/j.tcb.2015.04.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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