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Oncotarget. 2015 May 20;6(14):12156-73.

Tudor staphylococcal nuclease drives chemoresistance of non-small cell lung carcinoma cells by regulating S100A11.

Author information

  • 1Institute of Environmental Medicine, Division of Toxicology, Stockholm, Sweden.
  • 2Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research Ltd, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
  • 3Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.
  • 4Institute of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Science, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice, Košice, Slovakia.
  • 5NN Blokhin Russian Cancer Research Center, Moscow, Russia.
  • 6Faculty of Fundamental Medicine, ML Lomonosov State University, Moscow, Russia.

Abstract

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the major lung cancer subtype, is characterized by high resistance to chemotherapy. Here we demonstrate that Tudor staphylococcal nuclease (SND1 or TSN) is overexpressed in NSCLC cell lines and tissues, and is important for maintaining NSCLC chemoresistance. Downregulation of TSN by RNAi in NSCLC cells led to strong potentiation of cell death in response to cisplatin. Silencing of TSN was accompanied by a significant decrease in S100A11 expression at both mRNA and protein level. Downregulation of S100A11 by RNAi resulted in enhanced sensitivity of NSCLC cells to cisplatin, oxaliplatin and 5-fluouracil. AACOCF(3), a phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) inhibitor, strongly abrogated chemosensitization upon silencing of S100A11 suggesting that PLA(2) inhibition by S100A11 governs the chemoresistance of NSCLC. Moreover, silencing of S100A11 stimulated mitochondrial superoxide production, which was decreased by AACOCF(3), as well as N-acetyl-L-cysteine, which also mimicked the effect of PLA(2) inhibitor on NSCLC chemosensitization upon S100A11 silencing. Thus, we present the novel TSN-S100A11-PLA(2) axis regulating superoxide-dependent apoptosis, triggered by platinum-based chemotherapeutic agents in NSCLC that may be targeted by innovative cancer therapies.

KEYWORDS:

S100A11; apoptosis; non-small cell lung cancer; phospholipase A2; tudor staphylococcal nuclease

PMID:
25940438
PMCID:
PMC4494929
DOI:
10.18632/oncotarget.3495
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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