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Natl J Maxillofac Surg. 2014 Jul-Dec;5(2):149-52. doi: 10.4103/0975-5950.154817.

A 2-year retrospective analysis of facial injuries in patients treated at department of oral and maxillofacial surgery, IGGDC, Jammu, India.

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1
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Indira Gandhi Government Dental College, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The incidence of maxillofacial injuries is on the rise due to motor vehicle accidents and increased incidence of violence in recent times. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the incidence, etiology, and the pattern of fractures in the maxillofacial region.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

After obtaining permission from the concerned authorities, a predesigned questionnaire was used to collect the necessary data from the department. A retrospective analysis of 787 patients, who suffered trauma and were managed in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Indira Gandhi Government Dental College (IGGDC), Jammu over a period of 2 years was carried out.

RESULTS:

Road traffic accident (RTA) was the common cause of maxillofacial injuries. Men sustained more injuries as compared to women. Injuries were most commonly sustained in the age group of 11-40 years, constituting about 76% of all injuries, mandibular fractures were the most common.

CONCLUSION:

RTAs were the commonest cause for the maxillofacial injuries.

KEYWORDS:

Indira Gandhi Government Dental College; maxillofacial injuries; pre-designed questionnaire; road traffic accidents

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