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Natl J Maxillofac Surg. 2014 Jul-Dec;5(2):126-37. doi: 10.4103/0975-5950.154813.

A radiological evaluation of marginal bone around dental implants: An in-vivo study.

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1
Department of Prosthodontics, PGIDS, Rohtak, Haryana, India.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

This article presents an original research conducted at Government Dental College, PGIDS, Rohtak.

AIMS:

(1) To evaluate the marginal bone level changes around dental implants based on the radiological examination. (2) To evaluate the relationship of various parameters, i.e., gender, implant length, implant diameter and location of implants on the amount of bone loss around dental implants.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

An in-vivo study was undertaken to evaluate the crestal bone loss on mesial and distal aspect of implants, using standardized intra-oral periapical at the end of 6 months after placing the implants, but before prosthetically loading it.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED:

Student's unpaired t-test.

RESULTS:

Bone loss was measured and values were recorded immediately after implant placement and after 6 months.

CONCLUSIONS:

(1) Bone loss on mesial and distal aspects of implants was found to be same after period of 6 months. (2) Bone loss was found to be same in both 13 mm and 10 mm implants on mesial aspect, whereas on distal aspect, it was more in 10 mm implants. (3) Bone loss was found to be same in both 3.5 mm and 4.3 mm diameter implants on both mesial and distal aspects of implants. (4) Bone loss was found to be same in both maxilla and mandible on both mesial and distal aspects of implants. (5) Bone loss was found to be more in females on both mesial as well as distal aspects of implants.

KEYWORDS:

Bone loss; distal; implant; mesial

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