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Appetite. 2015 Oct;93:31-4. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2015.04.061. Epub 2015 Apr 30.

Apples or candy? Internal and external influences on children's food choices.

Author information

1
University of Kansas Medical Center, USA; Center for Children's Healthy Lifestyles & Nutrition, USA; Children's Mercy Hospital, USA. Electronic address: abruce@kumc.edu.
2
University of Missouri-Kansas City, USA.
3
University of Kansas Medical Center, USA.
4
Center for Children's Healthy Lifestyles & Nutrition, USA; University of Missouri-Kansas City, USA.
5
University of Kansas Medical Center, USA; Center for Children's Healthy Lifestyles & Nutrition, USA.

Abstract

The goal of this concise narrative review is to examine the current literature regarding endogenous and exogenous influences on youth food choices. Specifically, we discuss internal factors such as interoception (self-awareness) of pain and hunger, and neural mechanisms (neurofunctional aspects) of food motivation. We also explore external factors such as early life feeding experiences (including parenting), social influences (peers), and food marketing (advertising). We conclude with a discussion of the overlap of these realms and future directions for the field of pediatric food decision science.

KEYWORDS:

Breastfeeding; Decision; Interoception; Marketing; Neuroscience; Pediatric

PMID:
25937512
DOI:
10.1016/j.appet.2015.04.061
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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