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Surv Ophthalmol. 2015 Jul-Aug;60(4):296-309. doi: 10.1016/j.survophthal.2014.12.003. Epub 2014 Dec 31.

Strokes and vision: The management of ischemic arterial disease affecting the retina and occipital lobe.

Author information

1
Department of Neuro-Ophthalmology, Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, United Kingdom; Department of Ophthalmology, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address: mitchell.lawlor@sydney.edu.au.
2
Hyperacute Stroke Unit, University College Hospital, London, United Kingdom; Department of Neurology, The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, Queen Square, London, United Kingdom.
3
Thrombosis & Thrombophilia Centre, Guy's & St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, England.
4
Department of Neuro-Ophthalmology, Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, United Kingdom; Department of Neuro-Ophthalmology, The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, Queen Square, London, United Kingdom; Medical Eye Unit, Guy's & St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, England.

Abstract

Embolic disease of the anterior or posterior vascular territories may lead to disturbance of vision. Although death from this is uncommon, morbidity remains relatively high: Visual field loss may impair or preclude reading and driving and these are important influences on quality of life. Visual symptoms of stroke mean that patients may present to ophthalmologists with isolated visual symptoms, rather than directly to an emergency department. It is important to diagnose stroke and transient ischemic attacks accurately, as well as to manage them appropriately, as they are important harbingers of further cerebrovascular events. Ophthalmologists are therefore well placed to ensure that these patients receive appropriate acute treatment and secondary prevention. This article reviews the evidence for managing patients presenting with visual symptoms of vascular events. It reviews management of ischemic stroke in general, and compares this with management of events involving the anterior circulation by way of transient monocular visual loss or retinal artery occlusion, and posterior circulation by way of transient binocular visual loss or infarction of the visual cortex.

KEYWORDS:

branch retinal artery occlusion; central retinal artery occlusion; cerebrovascular accident; giant cell arteritis; transient ischemic attack; transient monocular visual loss

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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