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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2015 Aug;1853(8):1772-82. doi: 10.1016/j.bbamcr.2015.04.016. Epub 2015 Apr 29.

Functional and physiopathological implications of TRP channels.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Physiology and Biophysic, Institute of Biomedicine of Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain.
2
Inserm U1003, Equipe Labellisee par la Ligue Nationale Contre le Cancer; Laboratory of Excellence Ion Channel Science and Therapeutics; Universite de Lille 1, Sciences et Technologies, F-59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq, France.
3
Department of Physiology (Cell Physiology Research Group), University of Extremadura, 10003-Cáceres, Spain. Electronic address: jarosado@unex.es.

Abstract

Transient Receptor Potential (TRP) channel proteins are a diverse family of proteins that are expressed in many organisms, tissues and cell types. TRP channels respond to a variety of stimuli, including light, mechanical or chemical stimuli, temperature, pH or osmolarity. In addition, several TRP family members have been identified as downstream molecules in the G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway. TRP proteins are involved in a variety of cell functions both in non-excitable and excitable cells due to their diverse permeability to cations and their ability to modulate intracellular Ca2+ signaling. Emerging evidence suggests that TRP channel dysfunction significantly contributes to the physiopathology of a number of diseases, including cardiovascular, neurological, metabolic or neoplastic disorders. This review focuses on the implication of TRP proteins in the pathogenesis of some of the most prevalent disorders in human. We summarize the current findings regarding the role of TRP proteins in the development of cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus as well as diabetic complications, and tumorigenesis and present TRP proteins as targets of potential diagnostic and therapeutic strategies.

KEYWORDS:

Cancer cells; Cardiovascular disorders; Diabetes mellitus; TRP channels; Tumorigenesis

PMID:
25937071
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbamcr.2015.04.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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